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Prevelance and Trends


Eberwein, Julia Dayton; Oddo, Vanessa M.; Akuoku, Johnathan Kweku; Okamura, Kyoko Shibata; Popkin, Barry M.; & Shekar, Meera (2020). Prevelance and Trends.. Shekar, Meera & Popkin, Barry M. (Eds.) (pp. 30-68). Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.


Reveals that in 2016, globally more than two of five adults (44 percent, or more than 2 billion) and one of five children ages 5–19 proved overweight/obese. Over 70 percent lived in low- or middle-income countries, dispelling the myth that overweight/obesity remains a problem only in high-income countries. Between 1980 and 2016, levels of overweight/obesity increased in all regions, and within countries, the burden of overweight/obesity shifts toward the poor as country per capita income increases. Except in South Asia and most of Sub-Saharan Africa, where overweight/obesity remains primarily an urban phenomenon, rural areas across low- and middle-income countries have seen an increase in overall measures of overweight/obesity with urban areas. Over 70 percent of countries—the vast majority of which remain low- and lower-middle-income ones—currently face a double burden: high prevalence of both undernutrition and overweight/obesity, with high levels of the double burden increasingly found in the poorest low-income countries.


Reference Type

Book Section

Year Published


Series Title

Human Development Perspectives Series


Eberwein, Julia Dayton
Oddo, Vanessa M.
Akuoku, Johnathan Kweku
Okamura, Kyoko Shibata
Popkin, Barry M.
Shekar, Meera