CitationEberwein, Julia Dayton; Oddo, Vanessa M.; Akuoku, Johnathan Kweku; Okamura, Kyoko Okamura; Popkin, Barry M.; & Shekar, Meera (2020). Prevelance and Trends. In Shekar, Meera & Popkin, Barry M. (Eds.), Obesity: Health and Economic Consequences of an Impending Global Challenge (pp. 30-68). Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
AbstractReveals that in 2016, globally more than two of five adults (44 percent, or more than 2 billion) and one of five children ages 5–19 proved overweight/obese. Over 70 percent lived in low- or middle-income countries, dispelling the myth that overweight/obesity remains a problem only in high-income countries. Between 1980 and 2016, levels of overweight/obesity increased in all regions, and within countries, the burden of overweight/obesity shifts toward the poor as country per capita income increases. Except in South Asia and most of Sub-Saharan Africa, where overweight/obesity remains primarily an urban phenomenon, rural areas across low- and middle-income countries have seen an increase in overall measures of overweight/obesity with urban areas. Over 70 percent of countries—the vast majority of which remain low- and lower-middle-income ones—currently face a double burden: high prevalence of both undernutrition and overweight/obesity, with high levels of the double burden increasingly found in the poorest low-income countries.
Reference TypeBook Chapter
Book TitleObesity: Health and Economic Consequences of an Impending Global Challenge
Series TitleHuman Development Perspectives Series
Author(s)Eberwein, Julia Dayton
Oddo, Vanessa M.
Akuoku, Johnathan Kweku
Okamura, Kyoko Okamura
Popkin, Barry M.