CitationPopkin, Barry M.; Eberwein, Julia Dayton; & Okamura, Kyoko Shibata (2020). Factors Affecting Overweight/Obesity Prevalence. In Shekar, Meera & Popkin, Barry M. (Eds.), Obesity: Health and Economic Consequences of an Impending Global Challenge (pp. 95-108). Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
AbstractDiscusses the key factors affecting overweight/obesity globally such as urbanization affecting both diet and activity patterns. Globalization—particularly the free trade of services such as modern marketing trade in food products as well as methods of production and retailing—has proven a major global factor in speeding the growth of overweight/obesity. Country wealth, as seen in increased national income as well as increased household income, has proven linked to higher rates of overweight/obesity. Similarly, greater female labor force participation has played a critical role in the shift toward greater consumption of convenient, time-saving, ultra-processed food which proves highly obesogenic, making increased consumption of ultra-processed food one of the major global factors affecting overweight/obesity today. At the individual level, lifestyle changes and modern energy-saving technologies have significantly reduced physical activity and increased sedentary behavior.
Reference TypeBook Chapter
Book TitleObesity: Health and Economic Consequences of an Impending Global Challenge
Series TitleHuman Development Perspectives Series
Author(s)Popkin, Barry M.
Eberwein, Julia Dayton
Okamura, Kyoko Shibata