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Measurement Error in Dietary Data: Implications for the Epidemiologic Study of the Diet-Disease Relationship

Citation

Paeratakul, Sahasporn; Popkin, Barry M.; Kohlmeier, Lenore; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Guo, Xuguang; & Edwards, Lloyd J. (1998). Measurement Error in Dietary Data: Implications for the Epidemiologic Study of the Diet-Disease Relationship. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 52(10), 722-727.

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the effect of measurement error in dietary data on the relationship between diet and body mass index (BMI). To correct for the effect of measurement error on diet-BMI association by using replicate measurements of diet. The effect of measurement error on diet--BMI relationship was simulated, and its implications are discussed.
Design: Prospective study design.
Setting: The first and second China Health and Nutrition Survey conducted in 1989 and 1991, respectively.
Subjects: Three thousand, four hundred and seventy-nine adults age 20-45 y at the 1989 survey.
Methods: Statistical methods were used to demonstrate the effect of measurement error in dietary data on the diet-BMI association.
Results: By using the average of three replicate 24 h dietary recalls, the attenuation of diet-BMI association was reduced substantially. The regression coefficients of fat and energy intakes differed markedly from those computed by using only single measurement of diet.
Conclusions: Measurement error in dietary data may significantly attenuate the diet-disease association. Where appropriate, specific emphasis may be needed to address the problem of measurement error in the study of diet-disease relationship.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600633

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

1998

Journal Title

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Author(s)

Paeratakul, Sahasporn
Popkin, Barry M.
Kohlmeier, Lenore
Hertz-Picciotto, Irva
Guo, Xuguang
Edwards, Lloyd J.