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Long-Term Patterns of Excess Mortality among Endometrial Cancer Survivors

Citation

Anderson, Chelsea; Bae-Jump, Victoria L.; Broaddus, Russell R.; Olshan, Andrew F.; & Nichols, Hazel B. (Online ahead of print). Long-Term Patterns of Excess Mortality among Endometrial Cancer Survivors. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We investigated excess mortality after endometrial cancer using conditional relative survival estimates and standardized mortality ratios (SMRs).
METHODS: Women diagnosed with endometrial cancer during 2000-2017 (N=183,153) were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. SMRs were calculated as observed deaths among endometrial cancer survivors over expected deaths among demographically similar women in the general U.S.
POPULATION: Five-year relative survival was estimated at diagnosis and each additional year survived up to 12 years post-diagnosis, conditional on survival up to that year.
RESULTS: For the full cohort, 5-year relative survival was 87.7%, 96.2%, and 97.1% at 1, 5, and 10 years post-diagnosis. respectively. Conditional 5-year relative survival first exceeded 95%, reflecting minimal excess mortality compared to the general population, at 4 years post-diagnosis overall. However, in subgroup analyses conditional relative survival remained lower for Black women (vs White) and those with regional/distant stage disease (vs localized) throughout the study period. The overall SMR for all-cause mortality decreased from 5.90 (95% CI: 5.81-5.99) in the first year after diagnosis to 1.16 (95% CI: 1.13-1.19) at 10+ years; SMRs were consistently higher for non-White women and those with higher stage or grade disease.
CONCLUSION: Overall, endometrial cancer survivors had only a small survival deficit beyond 4 years post-diagnosis. However, excess mortality was greater in magnitude and persisted longer into survivorship for Black women and those with more advanced disease.
IMPACT: Strategies to mitigate disparities in mortality after endometrial cancer will be needed as the number of survivors continues to increase.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.Epi-20-1631

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

Online ahead of print

Journal Title

Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention

Author(s)

Anderson, Chelsea
Bae-Jump, Victoria L.
Broaddus, Russell R.
Olshan, Andrew F.
Nichols, Hazel B.

Data Set/Study

Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Database

Continent/Country

United States of America

State

Nonspecific