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A Path towards Citizenship: The Effects of Early College High Schools on Criminal Convictions and Voting

Citation

Swiderski, Tom; Lauen, Douglas L.; Fuller, Sarah Crittenden; & Unlu, Fatih (2021). A Path towards Citizenship: The Effects of Early College High Schools on Criminal Convictions and Voting. Social Science Research, 99, 102584.

Abstract

Building on a growing literature showing that early college high schools substantially improve educational outcomes, we investigate possible spillover impacts of this intervention on civic outcomes in North Carolina, which has early colleges in most of its 100 counties. We present both lottery and observational impacts on voting and criminal convictions. Our results suggest a modest increase in voting during early adulthood of about 4-5 percent, though lottery estimates do not rule out a null effect. For criminal convictions, lottery estimates are imprecise due to very low conviction rates, but observational evidence suggests a moderate decrease in convictions. We additionally identify stronger impacts on voting and conviction outcomes for key student subgroups, particularly black males and economically-disadvantaged white students. These results suggest that scaling up the early college program can improve youth civic outcomes and help to close key civic and political participation gaps.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2021.102584

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2021

Journal Title

Social Science Research

Author(s)

Swiderski, Tom
Lauen, Douglas L.
Fuller, Sarah Crittenden
Unlu, Fatih

Article Type

Regular

Continent/Country

United States of America

State

North Carolina