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Landscapes of Cultivation in Mesoamerica on the Eve of the Conquest

Citation

Whitmore, Thomas M. & Turner, Billie L., II (1992). Landscapes of Cultivation in Mesoamerica on the Eve of the Conquest. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 82(3), 402-25.

Abstract

Pre-Columbian Amerindian agriculturalists developed technologies and management practices with which to crop a wide range of ecological conditions, giving rise to a multiplicity of cultivated landscapes. This variety was particularly evident in Mesoamerica, where agricultural practices ranged from swiddening to multicropped, hydraulically transformed wetlands. Here we explore these indigenous cultivated landscapes as they existed about the time of the Columbian Encounter. We illustrate them through the examination of three transects approximating the courses of the initial Spanish entradas through this diverse region: the first extends from the Gulf coast to central Mexico; the second traverses the Yucatán peninsula from north to south; and the third climbs into highland Guatemala from the Pacific coastal plain.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.1992.tb01967.x

Notes

Reprinted in 2006 book- Record 2942. Also reprinted in 1992 book- Karl W. Butzer (ed.), The Americas Before and After 1492: Current Geographical Research. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers. This book is not in EndNote; too old to be added. 20110831vh

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Annals of the Association of American Geographers

Author(s)

Whitmore, Thomas M.
Turner, Billie L., II

Year Published

1992

Volume Number

82

Issue Number

3

Pages

402-25

Reference ID

1461