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The Effect of Respondent’s Kinship Position on Reported Levels of Integrational Contact: USA and Japan


Raley, R. Kelly & Rindfuss, Ronald R. (1999). The Effect of Respondent's Kinship Position on Reported Levels of Integrational Contact: USA and Japan. Population Research and Policy Review, 18(3), 279-298.


Intergenerational relationships are a topic of general concern to social scientists because of the importance of the family for individual's well-being, especially in times of crisis. Hence, a considerable amount of research on relationships between parents and their adult children has been published in a broad array of social science journals. Most of this research examines intergenerational relationships from the perspective of only one generation and implicitly assumes that we would get the same results if we were to examine the relationships from the point of view of other family members. In societies where there are strong norms regarding kin contact, this assumption is likely to be invalid. This research examines reported levels of face-to-face contact among kin in the USA and Japan, and tests whether these reports are systematically different for respondents in some kinship positions than in others. The results show that norms favoring patrilineal contact in Japan can produce reporting bias. In Japan, married daughters tend to underreport levels of contact with their parents. In the USA, children-in-law report lower levels of visiting.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Population Research and Policy Review


Raley, R. Kelly
Rindfuss, Ronald R.