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Fletcher, Anne C.; Elder, Glen H., Jr.; & Mekos, Debra (2000). Parental Influences on Adolescent Involvement in Community Activities. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 10(1), 29-48.


Youth involvement in extracurricular activities reflects both family socialization influences and civic development. Parents can promote such activity through examples set by personal involvement in the community and through reinforcement of their children's interests. Using data on 362 families from the 9th and 10th grade waves of the Iowa Youth and Families Project, the authors find that both the behavioral model set by parents and the personal reinforcement of children's actions make significant differences in the extracurricular activity involvement of boys and girls. However, parent reinforcement is most consequential when parents are not engaged in community activities. In this situation, warm parents are likely to reinforce the children, and this reinforcement strengthens children's involvement in community activities.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Journal of Research on Adolescence


Fletcher, Anne C.
Elder, Glen H., Jr.
Mekos, Debra