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Dudley, Matthew Z.; Barnett, Erin E.; Paulenich, Alex; Omer, Saad B.; Schuh, Holly; Proveaux, Tina M.; Buttenheim, Alison M.; Klein, Nicola P.; Delamater, Paul L.; & McFadden, SarahAnn M., et al. (2023). Characterization of Parental Intention to Vaccinate Elementary School Aged Children in the State of California. Vaccine, 41(3), 630-635. PMCID: PMC9762501


In October 2021, Emergency Use Authorization of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines was granted for children aged 5-11. To ensure vaccine uptake in children upon approval, California will implement a state-wide executive order mandating COVID-19 vaccination for school children following full US FDA approval. This study uses survey data collected between November 6th, 2020 and December 14th, 2020 (n = 2091) to identify how sociodemographic characteristics and attitudes towards childhood vaccines among California parents were associated with their intentions to vaccinate their child against COVID-19. About one quarter (26 %) of surveyed California parents did not intend to vaccinate their child, suggesting skepticism towards the COVID-19 vaccine for children and the potential for pushback to a COVID-19 vaccine school-entry mandate. However, 17 % were unsure of their decision, suggesting the potential for public health messaging to make a positive impact on COVID-19 vaccine confidence and uptake. This study identifies characteristics of hesitant parents in California to prioritize for research and outreach. These data also provide a baseline for parental attitudes towards vaccinating children against COVID-19 in California, which will be useful for characterizing changes in attitudes towards childhood COVID-19 vaccination over time.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title



Dudley, Matthew Z.
Barnett, Erin E.
Paulenich, Alex
Omer, Saad B.
Schuh, Holly
Proveaux, Tina M.
Buttenheim, Alison M.
Klein, Nicola P.
Delamater, Paul L.
McFadden, SarahAnn M.
Patel, Kavin M.
Salmon, Daniel A.

Article Type

Short Communication



Data Set/Study

U.S. Census


United States of America




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