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Johnson, James H., Jr.; Farrell, Walter C., Jr.; & Stoloff, Jennifer A. (2000). An Empirical Assessment of Four Perspectives on the Declining Fortunes of the African-American Male. Urban Affairs Review, 35(5), 695-716.


The authors use data from the Los Angeles Survey of Urban Inequality to empirically test the utility of four perspectives advanced to explain the declining social and economic fortunes of the African-American male over the past quarter century: the spatial isolation hypothesis, the cultural capital/employer preference hypothesis, the search-and-destroy hypothesis, and the social capital hypothesis. They assess the utility of these hypotheses by exploring the labor market experiences of African-American males in metropolitan Los Angeles, focusing specifically on the determinants of labor force participation and comparing their experiences with those of their white and Hispanic male counterparts.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Urban Affairs Review


Johnson, James H., Jr.
Farrell, Walter C., Jr.
Stoloff, Jennifer A.