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Darity, William A., Jr. & Nembhard, Jessica Gordon (2000). Racial and Ethnic Economic Inequality: The International Record. American Economic Review, 90(2), 308-311.


Undertaking a comparative inquiry across diverse countries enables us to isolate previously unremarked consistencies and to refute several pieces of conventional wisdom about the nature of intergroup disparity. We find that economic disparity correlated with race and ethnicity is present and looks remarkably similar across a wide range of nations. Enduring employment discrimination against comparatively marginalized groups is universal. Higher rates of economic growth do not correspond neatly with reduced intergroup disparity across the countries. In addition, subaltern groups frequently are numerical minorities, but in some cases,
they constitute a majority or plurality of the population.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

American Economic Review


Darity, William A., Jr.
Nembhard, Jessica Gordon