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Structural Change in the Impact of Income on Food Consumption in China, 1989-1993


Guo, Xuguang; Mroz, Thomas A.; Popkin, Barry M.; & Zhai, Fengying (2000). Structural Change in the Impact of Income on Food Consumption in China, 1989-1993. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 48(4), 737-760.


Economic change in the lower-income and transitional economies of the world appears to coincide with increasing, rapid social change. In the fertility area, for example, descriptive evidence indicates that the adoption of new family planning technologies and declines in fertility are happening at increasingly lower income levels. These changes have been rapid, and the rate of change appears to have accelerated. Since the 1960s fertility declines appear to have become uncoupled from the economic changes that are experienced at the individual level. With respect to nutrition, there is similar ecologic evidence that lower-income countries are changing their diets; these changes and the associated changes in body composition seem to be happening at a faster pace than ever before. The overriding questions are: Are these changes related to changes in income, prices, and all the associated population composition shifts that have been occurring? Or are there changes in the structure of behavior that appear to be happening separately from the measurable determinants of the economic changes? That is, has the structure of the decisionmaking process been changing, and if so can we document this?


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Economic Development and Cultural Change


Guo, Xuguang
Mroz, Thomas A.
Popkin, Barry M.
Zhai, Fengying