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Mroz, Thomas A. & Zimmermann, K. F. (2000). Symposium on Gender Differences in Transition to Market Economies. Journal of Population Economics, 13(2), 279-281.


The allocation of and remuneration to labor under Communist and Socialist governments took place mostly by fiat. The tight, centralized controls on labor demand presumably curtailed the intensity of gender discrimination in these command economies. As these governments relaxed their strong controls on the labor markets, and as many governments were replaced by more democratic and capitalistic institutions, some observers expected there to be widespread increases in the gender differentials in labor markets. The four papers in this symposium examine in detail the changes in gender differences that took place in labor markets during the transition towards market based reward systems. In total, they indicate that there was little change in the male female relative wage differential during the early years of the economic transition in the former Socilaist economies.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Journal of Population Economics


Mroz, Thomas A.
Zimmermann, K. F.