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Brewster, Karin L. & Rindfuss, Ronald R. (2000). Fertility and Women's Employment in Industrialized Nations. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, 271-296.


Thirty years ago, Bumpass & Westoff (1970:95) asked, “Do women limit their fertility in order to have time to pursue their nonfamily-oriented interests, or do women work if their fertility permits them to do so?” In the ensuing decades, sociologists, demographers, and economists have learned much about the relationship between fertility and women’s employment, and yet the answer to this fundamental question remains elusive. Even so, women’s labor force behavior lies at the heart of most explanations of fertility and fertility change, and many nations, sboth industrialized and developing, have formulated policies based on the inverse
association between these two central aspects of women’s lives.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Annual Review of Sociology


Brewster, Karin L.
Rindfuss, Ronald R.