Menu Close

Pubertal Transition, Stressful Life Events, and the Emergence of Gender Differences in Adolescent Depressive Symptoms

Citation

Ge, Xiaojia; Conger, Rand D.; & Elder, Glen H., Jr. (2001). Pubertal Transition, Stressful Life Events, and the Emergence of Gender Differences in Adolescent Depressive Symptoms. Developmental Psychology, 37(3), 404-17.

Abstract

This study examined the role of both pubertal and social transitions in the emergence of gender differences in depressive symptoms during adolescence. This study generated the following findings: (a) Gender differences in depressive symptoms emerged during 8th grade and remained significant through 12th grade. (b) Pubertal status in 7th grade was related to adolescent depressive symptoms over time. (c) Early-maturing girls represented the group with the highest rate of depressive symptoms. (d) Depressive symptoms measured in 7th grade predicted subsequent symptom levels throughout the secondary school years. (e) Recent stressful life events were associated with increased depressive symptoms. (f) Early-maturing girls with higher levels of initial symptoms and more recent stressful life events were most likely to be depressed subsequently. The findings demonstrate the importance of the interaction between the pubertal transition and psychosocial factors in increasing adolescent vulnerability to depressive experiences.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1037//0012-1649.37.3.404

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Developmental Psychology

Author(s)

Ge, Xiaojia
Conger, Rand D.
Elder, Glen H., Jr.

Year Published

2001

Volume Number

37

Issue Number

3

Pages

404-17

Reference ID

1686