CitationSiega-Riz, Anna Maria; Cavadini, Claude; & Popkin, Barry M. (2001). U.S. Teens and the Nutrient Contribution and Differences of Their Selected Meal Patterns. Family Economics and Nutrition Review, 13(1), 15-26.
AbstractWe examined the nutrient contribution of foods consumed at breakfast, brunch, lunch, dinner, and snacks, as well as the types of foods consumed on those occasions, by adolescents (n=1,310) participating in the 1989-91 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals. Descriptive statistics were generated, using weights and taking into account sample design effects, to examine the consistency of their meal patterns: Consistent, moderately consistent, and inconsistent. Results showed that for individuals with an inconsistent meal pattern, dinner provided half of the day’s energy and total snacks provided over one-fifth, an equivalent
of one meal for others. Most nutrients studied (fat, protein, calcium, and iron) followed the same pattern as energy. Age differences were noted: 15- to 18-year-olds were more likely to have inconsistent patterns. The types of foods consumed also differed by meal pattern. Both increasing the consistency in the number of meals consumed, as well as improving food-selection behaviors, may serve as possible interventions to improve the diets of adolescents.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleFamily Economics and Nutrition Review
Author(s)Siega-Riz, Anna Maria
Popkin, Barry M.