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Non-Fatal Violence-Related Injuries in Kingston, Jamaica: A Preventable Drain on Resources


Zohoori, Namvar; Ward, Elizabeth M.; Gordon, Georgiana; Wilks, Rainford J.; Ashley, Deanna; & Forrester, Terrence (2002). Non-Fatal Violence-Related Injuries in Kingston, Jamaica: A Preventable Drain on Resources. Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 9(4), 255-262.


Using data for a one-year period from the Kingston Public Hospital (KPH) in Jamaica, we describe patterns of non-fatal violence-related injuries, and carry out simulation analysis to estimate rates of hospital admission under various injury reduction scenarios, and the potential savings that can be realized by reducing violent crimes. In this period there were 6107 registered violence-related visits to the KPH representing 11.5% of all recorded visits. Of these 16.6% (1001) were admitted. The most common methods of inflicting injury was by stabbing (52.1%), blunt injuries (37.9%) and gunshot wounds (7.3%). Multivariate analyses indicated that gunshot injuries, stab injuries, being male between the ages of 15 and 44 years, receiving the injury in November or December, and being injured by a stranger or unknown assailant, were significant correlates of a higher probability of admission. Simulation analysis with various injury reduction scenarios indicated decreases in the probability of admission ranging from 12% to 44%, with estimated savings of up to 31% of the annual supplies budget of KPH.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Injury Control and Safety Promotion


Zohoori, Namvar
Ward, Elizabeth M.
Gordon, Georgiana
Wilks, Rainford J.
Ashley, Deanna
Forrester, Terrence