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Comparison of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Levels across Studies of Human Neurodevelopment


Longnecker, Matthew P.; Wolff, Mary S.; Gladen, Beth C.; Brock, John W.; Grandjean, Philippe; Jacobson, Joseph L.; Korrick, Susan A.; Rogan, Walter J.; Weisglas-Kuperus, Nynke; & Hertz-Picciotto, Irva, et al. (2003). Comparison of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Levels across Studies of Human Neurodevelopment. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(1), 65-70. PMCID: PMC1241307


Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent pollutants that are ubiquitous in the food chain, and detectable amounts are in the blood of almost every person in most populations that have been examined. Extensive evidence from animal studies shows that PCBs are neurotoxins, even at low doses. Interpretation of human data regarding low-level, early-life PCB exposure and subsequent neurodevelopment is problematic because levels of exposure were not similarly quantified across studies. We expressed the exposure levels from 10 studies of PCB and neurodevelopment in a uniform manner using a combination of data from original investigators, laboratory reanalyses, calculations based on published data, and expert opinion. The mainstay of our comparison was the median level of PCB 153 in maternal pregnancy serum. The median concentration of PCB 153 in the 10 studies ranged from 30 to 450 ng/g serum lipid, and the median of the 10 medians was 110 ng/g. We found that (a)) the distribution of PCB 153 exposure in most studies overlapped substantially, (b)) exposure levels in the Faroe Islands study were about 3-4-fold higher than in most other studies, and (c)) the exposure levels in the two recent U.S. studies were about one-third of those in the four earlier U.S. studies or recent Dutch, German, and northern Québec studies. Our results will facilitate a direct comparison of the findings on PCBs and neurodevelopment when they are published for all 10 studies.

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Journal Article

Journal Title

Environmental Health Perspectives


Longnecker, Matthew P.
Wolff, Mary S.
Gladen, Beth C.
Brock, John W.
Grandjean, Philippe
Jacobson, Joseph L.
Korrick, Susan A.
Rogan, Walter J.
Weisglas-Kuperus, Nynke
Hertz-Picciotto, Irva
Ayotte, Pierre
Stewart, Paul
Winneke, Gerhard
Charles, M. Judith
Jacobson, Sandra W.
Dewailly, Eric
Boersma, E. Rudy
Altshul, Larisa M.
Heinzow, Birger
Pagano, James J.
Jensen, Allan A.

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