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When HIV-Prevention Messages and Gender Norms Clash: The Impact of Domestic Violence on Women’s HIV Risk in Slums of Chennai, India

Citation

Go, Vivian F.; Johnson, Sethulakshmi C.; Bentley, Margaret E.; Sivaram, Sudha; Srikrishnan, Aylur K.; Solomon, Suniti; & Celentano, David D. (2003). When HIV-Prevention Messages and Gender Norms Clash: The Impact of Domestic Violence on Women's HIV Risk in Slums of Chennai, India. AIDS and Behavior, 7(3), 263-72.

Abstract

This paper examines how marital violence affects women's ability to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS. In-depth interviews (n = 48) and focus groups (n = 84, 3–7 per group) were conducted among men and women in two randomly selected slums of Chennai, India. The study showed that community gender norms tacitly sanction domestic violence that interferes with adopting HIV-preventive behaviors. Given the choice between the immediate threat of violence and the relatively hypothetical specter of HIV, women often resign themselves to sexual demands and indiscretions that may increase their risk of HIV acquisition. In conclusion, AIDS-prevention interventions must incorporate gender-related social contexts in settings where husbands strictly enforce their locus of control. HIV-prevention messages targeting men may effectively reduce women's exposure to HIV/AIDS.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025443719490

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

AIDS and Behavior

Author(s)

Go, Vivian F.
Johnson, Sethulakshmi C.
Bentley, Margaret E.
Sivaram, Sudha
Srikrishnan, Aylur K.
Solomon, Suniti
Celentano, David D.

Year Published

2003

Volume Number

7

Issue Number

3

Pages

263-72

Reference ID

2045