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Kennedy, David P. (2004). Cognitive Models of Fertility Decline in Oaxaca City, Mexico. Population and Environment, 25(3), 243-274.


This paper presents a systematic analysis of the “culture of natality.” In the first section, I present an extended definition of culture informed by cognitive anthropology and evolutionary biology. I argue that culture is an adaptation and a virtual environment with which humans must interact in order to survive and reproduce in a given physical environment. In the second section, I present a qualitative and quantitative analysis of qualitative interview data collected in Oaxaca City, Mexico, on reproductive behavior. The analysis examines evidence of cultural differences and similarities. I conclude by discussing implications for a theory of fertility decline.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Population and Environment


Kennedy, David P.