Skip to main content


Newbern, Elizabeth Claire; Miller, William C.; Schoenbach, Victor J.; & Kaufman, Jay S. (2004). Family Socioeconomic Status and Self-Reported Sexually Transmitted Diseases among Black and White American Adolescents. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 31(9), 533-541.


Objective: The objective of this study was to assess associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) stratified by race and gender.
Study: In cross-sectional analyses of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health Wave One (1995), unadjusted and adjusted associations between 4 family SES indicators and STD reports for black and white 7th through 12th graders were examined.
Results: Lower maternal education and nonprofessional maternal occupations were associated with higher STD reports in all groups except white females. Generally, STD reports were higher for adolescents not living in 2-parent homes, and lower income was only associated for black males.
Conclusion: Overall, SES is only a weak to moderate marker for adolescent STD risks. The relationship of SES and STDs varies by the SES measure used and differs across race-gender groups. Other individual factors such as risk behaviors or community factors such as income inequality could play a more critical role for adolescent STDs than family SES.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Newbern, Elizabeth Claire
Miller, William C.
Schoenbach, Victor J.
Kaufman, Jay S.