Handa, Sudhanshu (2000). The Impact of Education, Income, and Mortality on Fertility in Jamaica. World Development, 28(1)
The socioeconomic determinants of cumulative and recent fertility are investigated with micro data from Jamaica, a middle-income country with low rates of infant mortality and total fertility. Infant mortality has a significant nonlinear influence on fertility, peaking at a mortality rate of 0.46. Both education and income have strong negative effects on births but the impact of education is larger; for rural women the birth elasticities are −0.15 and −0.45 for income and education, respectively. Finally, the transmission of the education effect appears to be through raising the value of time of the woman rather than changing preferences.