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The Effect of Recall on Estimation of Non-Fatal Injury Rates: A Community Based Study in Tanzania

Citation

Moshiro, Candida; Heuch, Ivar; Astrom, Anne Nordrehaug; Setel, Philip W.; & Kvale, Gunnar (2005). The Effect of Recall on Estimation of Non-Fatal Injury Rates: A Community Based Study in Tanzania. Injury Prevention, 11(1), 48-52. PMCID: PMC1730168

Abstract

Study objective: To investigate the effect of recall on estimation of non-fatal injury rates in Tanzania.
Design: Retrospective population based survey.
Setting: Eight branches in an urban area and six villages in a relatively prosperous rural area in Tanzania.
Subjects: Individuals of all ages living in households selected by cluster sampling.
Main outcome measures: Estimated non-fatal injury rates calculated at each of the 12 recall periods (one to 12 months before the interview).
Results: Out of a population of 15 223 persons, 509 individuals reported 516 injuries during the preceding year. Of these 313 (61.5%) were males and 196 (38.5%) females. The data showed notable declining incidence rates from 72 per 1000 person-years when based on a one month recall period to 32.7 per 1000 person-years for a 12 month recall period (55% decline). The decline was found for injuries resulting in fewer than 30 days of disability whereas rates for severe injuries (disability of 30 days or more) did not show a consistent variation with recall period. Decline in injury rates by recall period was higher in rural than in urban areas. Age, sex, and education did not notably affect recall.
Conclusions: Longer recall periods underestimate injury rates compared with shorter recall periods. For severe injuries, a recall period of up to 12 months does not affect the rate estimates. It is essential that a recall period of less than three months be used to calculate injury rates for less severe injuries.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ip.2004.005645

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2005

Journal Title

Injury Prevention

Author(s)

Moshiro, Candida
Heuch, Ivar
Astrom, Anne Nordrehaug
Setel, Philip W.
Kvale, Gunnar

PMCID

PMC1730168