Menu Close

Nutrient and Food Group Intakes of Women with and without Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder during Pregnancy


Siega-Riz, Anna Maria; Haugen, Margaretha; Meltzer, Helle Margrete; Von Holle, Ann F.; Hamer, Robert M.; Torgersen, Leila; Knoph Berg, Cecilie; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; & Bulik, Cynthia M. (2008). Nutrient and Food Group Intakes of Women with and without Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder during Pregnancy. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 87(5), 1346-1355. PMCID: PMC2663958


BACKGROUND: Little is known concerning the dietary habits during pregnancy of women with eating disorders that may lie in the causal pathway of adverse birth outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We examined the nutrient and food group intakes of women with bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder during pregnancy and compared these with intakes of women with no eating disorders.
DESIGN: Data on 30,040 mother-child pairs from the prospective Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were used in cross-sectional analyses. Dietary information was collected by using a food-frequency questionnaire during the first half of pregnancy. Statistical testing by eating disorder categories with the non-eating-disorder category as the referent group was conducted by using log means adjusted for confounding and multiple comparisons. Food group differences were analyzed by using a Wilcoxon's two-sided normal approximation test that was also adjusted for multiple comparisons.
RESULTS: Women with binge-eating disorder before and during pregnancy had higher intakes of total energy, total fat, monounsaturated fat, and saturated fat, and lower intakes of folate, potassium, and vitamin C than the referent (P < 0.02). Women with incident binge-eating disorder during pregnancy had higher intakes of total energy and saturated fat than the referent (P = 0.01). Several differences emerged in food group consumption between women with and without eating disorders, including intakes of artificial sweeteners, sweets, juice, fruit, and fats.
CONCLUSION: Women with bulimia nervosa before and during pregnancy and those with binge-eating disorder before pregnancy exhibit dietary patterns that differ from those in women without eating disorders, that are reflective of their symptomatology, and that may influence pregnancy outcomes.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition


Siega-Riz, Anna Maria
Haugen, Margaretha
Meltzer, Helle Margrete
Von Holle, Ann F.
Hamer, Robert M.
Torgersen, Leila
Knoph Berg, Cecilie
Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted
Bulik, Cynthia M.