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Job Training in U.S. Organizations


Knoke, David & Kalleberg, Arne L. (1994). Job Training in U.S. Organizations. American Sociological Review, 59, 537-546.


We draw hypotheses about the factors related to company provision of formal job training programs from diverse theoretical perspectives and research findings. Using data from the 1991 National Organizations Survey, we analyze a sample of 688 establishments to estimate multivariate models. The relationships between employer-provided job training and organizational size, unionization, and workforce composition are reduced or eliminated in most multivariate equations. Employer-provided training is most extensive in establishments with elaborate internal structures that operate in complex market environments.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

American Sociological Review


Knoke, David
Kalleberg, Arne L.