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A Survey of Smoking and Quitting Patterns among Black Americans

Citation

Orleans, Carole Tracy; Schoenbach, Victor J.; Salmon, Mary Anne; Strecher, Victor J.; Kalsbeek, William D.; Quade, Dana; Brooks, Edward F.; Konrad, T. Robert; Blackmon, Charles; & Watts, Charles D. (1989). A Survey of Smoking and Quitting Patterns among Black Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 79(2), 176-81. PMCID: PMC1349929

Abstract

A sample of adult Black policyholders of the nation's largest Black-owned life insurance company was surveyed in 1986 to add to limited data on smoking and quitting patterns among Black Americans, and to provide direction for cessation initiatives targeted to Black smokers. Forty per cent of 2,958 age-eligible policyholders for whom current addresses were available returned a completed questionnaire. Population estimates for smoking status agree closely with national estimates for Blacks age 21-60 years: 50 per cent never-smokers; 36 per cent current smokers; 14 per cent ex-smokers. Current and ex-smokers reported a modal low-rate/high nicotine menthol smoking pattern. Current smokers reported a mean of 3.8 serious quit attempts, a strong desire and intention to quit smoking, and limited past use of effective quit smoking treatments and self-help resources. Correlates of motivation to quit smoking were similar to those found among smokers in the general population, including smoking-related illnesses and medical advice to quit smoking, previous quit attempts, beliefs in smoking-related health harms/quitting benefits, and expected social support for quitting. Methodological limitations and implications for the design of needed Black-focused quit smoking initiatives are discussed.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/ajph.79.2.176

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

American Journal of Public Health

Author(s)

Orleans, Carole Tracy
Schoenbach, Victor J.
Salmon, Mary Anne
Strecher, Victor J.
Kalsbeek, William D.
Quade, Dana
Brooks, Edward F.
Konrad, T. Robert
Blackmon, Charles
Watts, Charles D.

Year Published

1989

Volume Number

79

Issue Number

2

Pages

176-81

PMCID

PMC1349929

Reference ID

3535