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Area-Based Socioeconomic Characteristics of Industries at High Risk for Violence in the Workplace


Ta, Myduc L.; Marshall, Stephen W.; Kaufman, Jay S.; Loomis, Dana P.; Casteel, Carri; & Land, Kenneth C. (2009). Area-Based Socioeconomic Characteristics of Industries at High Risk for Violence in the Workplace. American Journal of Community Psychology, 44(3-4), 249-260.


This study examined socioeconomic factors associated with the presence of workplaces belonging to industries reported to be at high risk for worker homicide. The proportion of 2004 North Carolina workplaces in highrisk industries was computed following spatial linkage of individual workplaces to 2000 United States Census Block Groups (n = 3,925). Thirty census-derived socioeconomic variables (selected a priori as potentially predictive of violence) were summarized using exploratory factor analysis into poverty/deprivation, human/economic capital, and transience/instability. Multinomial logistic regression models indicate associations between higher proportion of workplaces belonging to high-risk industries and Block Groups with more poverty/deprivation or transience/ instability and less human/economic capital. The relationship between human/economic capital and Block Groups proportion of high-risk industry workplaces was modified by levels of transience/instability. Community characteristics therefore contribute to the potential for workplace violence, and future research should continue to understand the relationship between social context and workplace violence risk.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

American Journal of Community Psychology


Ta, Myduc L.
Marshall, Stephen W.
Kaufman, Jay S.
Loomis, Dana P.
Casteel, Carri
Land, Kenneth C.