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Pais, Jeremy F.; South, Scott J.; & Crowder, Kyle D. (2009). White Flight Revisited: A Multiethnic Perspective on Neighborhood Out-Migration. Population Research and Policy Review, 28(3), 321-346. PMCID: PMC2778315


Using geo-linked data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the decennial census, we compare probabilities of neighborhood out-migration for Anglos, blacks, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans by varying ethno-racial neighborhood compositions. Analyses for Latinos are disaggregated by nativity status. The results indicate that Anglos have a higher likelihood of moving when they have many minority neighbors and there is little difference whether minority neighbors are black or Latino. Among minorities there is some evidence of “minority flight” from whiter neighborhoods. Cubans, especially foreign-born Cubans, demonstrate the strongest propensity to flee neighborhoods with large black populations, whereas the probability of moving out decreases for Mexicans and Puerto Ricans when their neighbors are more likely to be black. Ethno-racial neighborhood composition has little effect on blacks’ decision to leave their neighborhood.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Population Research and Policy Review


Pais, Jeremy F.
South, Scott J.
Crowder, Kyle D.