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Evaluation of a Home-Based Intervention to Reduce Infant Passive Smoking and Lower Respiratory Illness

Citation

Greenberg, Robert A.; Strecher, Victor J.; Bauman, Karl E.; Boat, Barbara W.; Fowler, Mary Glenn; Keyes, Lynette L.; Denny, Floyd W., Jr.; Chapman, Robert S.; Stedman, Helen C.; & LaVange, Lisa Morrissey, et al. (1994). Evaluation of a Home-Based Intervention to Reduce Infant Passive Smoking and Lower Respiratory Illness. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 17(3), 273-90.

Abstract

We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether a home-based intervention program could reduce infant passive smoking and lower respiratory illness. The intervention consisted of four nurse home visits during the first 6 months of life, designed to assist families to reduce the infant's exposure to tobacco smoke. Among the 121 infants of smoking mothers who completed the study, there was a significant difference in trend over the year between the intervention and the control groups in the amount of exposure to tobacco smoke; infants in the intervention group were exposed to 5.9 fewer cigarettes per day at 12 months. There was no group difference in infant urine cotinine excretion. The prevalence of persistent lower respiratory symptoms was lower among intervention-group infants of smoking mothers whose head of household had no education beyond high school: intervention group, 14.6%; and controls, 34.0%.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01857953

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Author(s)

Greenberg, Robert A.
Strecher, Victor J.
Bauman, Karl E.
Boat, Barbara W.
Fowler, Mary Glenn
Keyes, Lynette L.
Denny, Floyd W., Jr.
Chapman, Robert S.
Stedman, Helen C.
LaVange, Lisa Morrissey
Glover, Lucinda H.
Haley, Nancy J.
Loda, Frank A.

Year Published

1994

Volume Number

17

Issue Number

3

Pages

273-90

Reference ID

419