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Injury Deaths, Suicides and Homicides Associated with Pregnancy, Finland 1987-2000

Citation

Gissler, Mika; Berg, Cynthia; Bouvier-Colle, Marie-Helene; & Buekens, Pierre (2005). Injury Deaths, Suicides and Homicides Associated with Pregnancy, Finland 1987-2000. European Journal of Public Health, 15(5), 459-463.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Only few studies have been carried out on the relationship between pregnancy and deaths from external causes. METHODS: Information on deaths from external causes among women aged 15-49 years in Finland in 1987-2000 (n = 5299) was linked to three national health registers to identify pregnancy-associated deaths (n = 212). RESULTS: The mortality rate for women during pregnancy and within 1 year of pregnancy termination from external causes was lower than mortality from external causes among non-pregnant women (relative risk 0.79; 95% confidence interval 0.69-0.91). Owing to elevated suicide and homicide rates, however, an increased risk was observed for women after abortions, especially in the age group of 15-24 years. CONCLUSIONS: The low rate of deaths from external causes suggests the protective effect of childbirth, but the elevated risk after a terminated pregnancy needs to be recognized in the provision of health care and social services.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cki042

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2005

Journal Title

European Journal of Public Health

Author(s)

Gissler, Mika
Berg, Cynthia
Bouvier-Colle, Marie-Helene
Buekens, Pierre