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Gissler, Mika; Berg, Cynthia; Bouvier-Colle, Marie-Helene; & Buekens, Pierre (2005). Injury Deaths, Suicides and Homicides Associated with Pregnancy, Finland 1987-2000. European Journal of Public Health, 15(5), 459-463.


BACKGROUND: Only few studies have been carried out on the relationship between pregnancy and deaths from external causes. METHODS: Information on deaths from external causes among women aged 15-49 years in Finland in 1987-2000 (n = 5299) was linked to three national health registers to identify pregnancy-associated deaths (n = 212). RESULTS: The mortality rate for women during pregnancy and within 1 year of pregnancy termination from external causes was lower than mortality from external causes among non-pregnant women (relative risk 0.79; 95% confidence interval 0.69-0.91). Owing to elevated suicide and homicide rates, however, an increased risk was observed for women after abortions, especially in the age group of 15-24 years. CONCLUSIONS: The low rate of deaths from external causes suggests the protective effect of childbirth, but the elevated risk after a terminated pregnancy needs to be recognized in the provision of health care and social services.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

European Journal of Public Health


Gissler, Mika
Berg, Cynthia
Bouvier-Colle, Marie-Helene
Buekens, Pierre