Darity, William A., Jr. (2009). Stratification Economics: Context versus Culture and the Reparations Controversy. University of Kansas Law Review, 57(4)
The general intent of any program of reparations for a grievous injustice should be threefold: acknowledgment, redress (restitution or atonement), and closure. Acknowledgment involves recognition and admission of the wrong by the perpetrators and/or beneficiaries of the wrong. In the case of blacks, this would mean the receipt of a formal apology and a commitment for redress on the part of the American community as a whole. Restitution means restoration of the victims to their condition prior to the injustice or to a condition they might have attained had the injustice not taken place. Again, in the case of blacks, this would mean the adoption of a national program that would eliminate racial disparities in wealth, income, education, health, political participation, and future opportunity to engage in American social life.
University of Kansas Law Review
Darity, William A., Jr.