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Darity, William A., Jr. (2009). Stratification Economics: Context versus Culture and the Reparations Controversy. University of Kansas Law Review, 57(4), 795-811.


The general intent of any program of reparations for a grievous injustice should be threefold: acknowledgment, redress (restitution or atonement), and closure. Acknowledgment involves recognition and admission of the wrong by the perpetrators and/or beneficiaries of the wrong. In the case of blacks, this would mean the receipt of a formal apology and a commitment for redress on the part of the American community as a whole. Restitution means restoration of the victims to their condition prior to the injustice or to a condition they might have attained had the injustice not taken place. Again, in the case of blacks, this would mean the adoption of a national program that would eliminate racial disparities in wealth, income, education, health, political participation, and future opportunity to engage in American social life.


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Journal Article

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University of Kansas Law Review


Darity, William A., Jr.