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Walsh, Stephen J. & Weiss, Daniel J. (2011). Solifluction.. Singh, Vijay P.; Singh, Pratap; & Haritashya, Umesh Kumar (Eds.) (pp. 1071-1074). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.


The earth’s cryosphere, which includes snow, glaciers and ice caps, ice sheets, ice shelves, sea ice, river and lake ice, and frozen ground, contains about 75% of the earth’s fresh water. It exists at almost all latitudes, from the tropics to the poles, and plays a vital role in controlling the global climate system. It also provides direct visible evidence of the effect of climate change, and, therefore, requires proper understanding of the complex dynamics.

Reference Type

Book Section

Year Published


Series Title

Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series


Walsh, Stephen J.
Weiss, Daniel J.