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Crowder, Kyle D.; Hall, Matthew; & Tolnay, Stewart E. (2011). Neighborhood Immigration and Native Out-Migration. American Sociological Review, 76(1), 25-47. PMCID: PMC3124827


This study combines data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics with data from four censuses to examine the effects of foreign-born populations in the immediate and surrounding neighborhoods of residence on native-born black and white householders’ residential mobility decisions. We find that the likelihood of out-mobility for native householders is significantly and positively associated with the relative size of, and increases in, the immigrant population in a neighborhood. Consistent with theoretical arguments related to the distance dependence of mobility, large concentrations of immigrants in surrounding areas reduce native out-mobility, presumably by reducing the attractiveness of the most likely mobility destinations. A sizable share of local immigration effects can be explained by the mobility-related characteristics of native-born individuals living in immigrant-populated areas, but the racial composition of a neighborhood (for native whites) and local housing-market conditions (for native blacks) are also important mediating factors. We discuss the implications of these patterns for processes of neighborhood change and broader patterns of residential segregation.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

American Sociological Review


Crowder, Kyle D.
Hall, Matthew
Tolnay, Stewart E.