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US Adolescent Food Intake Trends from 1965 to 1996

Citation

Cavadini, Claude; Siega-Riz, Anna Maria; & Popkin, Barry M. (2000). US Adolescent Food Intake Trends from 1965 to 1996. Western Journal of Medicine, 173(6), 378-383. PMCID: PMC1071186

Abstract

Objective: To examine adolescent food consumption trends in the United States with important chronic disease implications.
Methods: Analysis of dietary intake data from 4 nationally representative US Department of Agriculture surveys of persons aged 11 to 18 years (n = 12,498).
Results: From 1965 to 1996, a considerable shift occurred in the adolescent diet. Total energy intake decreased, as did the proportion of energy from total fat (39%-32%) and saturated fat (15%-12%). Concurrent increases occurred in the consumption of higher-fat potatoes and mixed dishes (pizza and macaroni and cheese). Lower-fat milks replaced higher-fat milks, but total milk consumption decreased by 36%. This decrease was accompanied by an increase in the consumption of soft drinks and noncitrus juices. An increase in high-fat potato consumption led to an increase in vegetable intake, but the number of servings for fruits and vegetables is still lower than the recommended 5 per day. Iron, folic acid, and calcium intakes continue to be below those recommended for girls.
Conclusions: These trends, far greater than for US adults, may compromise the health of the future US population.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ewjm.173.6.378

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2000

Journal Title

Western Journal of Medicine

Series Title

West J Med 2001 Oct;175(4):235

Author(s)

Cavadini, Claude
Siega-Riz, Anna Maria
Popkin, Barry M.

PMCID

PMC1071186