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Identifying Gaps in HIV Prevention Services


Torrone, Elizabeth Ann; Levandowski, Brooke A.; Thomas, James C.; Isler, Malika Roman; & Leone, Peter A. (2010). Identifying Gaps in HIV Prevention Services. Social Work in Public Health, 25(3-4), 327-340.


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention programs and agencies are fighting growing rates of infection with decreasing resources. Identification of gaps in HIV prevention services can help inform prevention funding and program policies. To describe HIV prevention needs in a southern U.S. state, we conducted face-to-face interviews with prevention agencies and persons considered by others in their community to be “influential informants” of the community's HIV prevention services in a sample of counties in North Carolina. Using county as the unit of analysis (n = 10), we investigated differences in gaps by community characteristics, such as disparities in sexually transmitted disease rates. Lack of programs and problems with service program coordination/cooperation were reported frequently by rural counties. The most commonly reported barrier to meeting the needs of persons at risk for HIV was funding, followed by stigma. Findings from this study can inform local and regional planners on how to efficiently target prevention programs, including programs aimed at reducing racial and geographic disparities in sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Social Work in Public Health


Torrone, Elizabeth Ann
Levandowski, Brooke A.
Thomas, James C.
Isler, Malika Roman
Leone, Peter A.