Morgan, S. Philip (1984). Reply to King and Hunt. Social Forces, 62(4)
King and Hunt's major concerns are methodological and hinge on the validity of my measures-these measures do not mean what I say they mean, they claim. Although impossible to prove, validity can be addressed. The strategy I have taken hinges on predictive validity. I analyzed the association between frequency of prayer and other variables and find that these associations are what one might expect given that prayer measures a "devotional or intrinsic" religious orientation. Some of these results are discussed in my paper (684-5). Moreover, church attendance and frequency of prayer are clearly dissimilar measures. As I report, the central findings of my paper "are not weakened by a statistical control on the respondent's frequency of church attendance" (687). There are then, it seems, "churchgoers and churchgoers" (Allport, 451). Only those with a deep religious belief are more likely to give the more friendly or cooperative responses.
Morgan, S. Philip