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Co-Residence in the Early Twentieth Century: Elderly Women in the United States and their Children

Citation

Elman, Cheryl & Uhlenberg, Peter (1995). Co-Residence in the Early Twentieth Century: Elderly Women in the United States and their Children. Population Studies, 49(3), 501-17.

Abstract

A quiet demographic revolution has occurred during the twentieth century in the United States: the decline in intergenerational household sharing. Why were these living arrangements so common for older women early in the century? We examine the characteristics of adult kin who shared intergenerational households in 1910. Two nationally representative samples, of elderly mothers and their co-resident biological adult children were taken from the 1910 Census P.U.S. and linked to test general hypotheses relating to the determination of living arrangements. We find that kin availability influenced co-residence in two ways: by increasing the pool of children available and by facilitating strategic processes of kin selection based on quality of children. As kin availability increased, mothers chose security (especially the retention of headship) and a child's lack of competing obligations.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0032472031000148796

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Population Studies

Author(s)

Elman, Cheryl
Uhlenberg, Peter

Year Published

1995

Volume Number

49

Issue Number

3

Pages

501-17

Edition

20100604

Reference ID

575