CitationGoldsmith, Arthur H.; Veum, Jonathan R.; & Darity, William A., Jr. (1995). Are Being Unemployed and Being out of the Labor Force Distinct States? A Psychological Approach. Journal of Economic Psychology, 16(2), 275-95.
AbstractClark and Summers (1979) found a high rate of transition between unemployed and out of the labor force status. These findings led them to conclude that “many of those classified as not in the labor force are functionally indistinguishable from the unemployed.” Flinn and Heckman (1982,1983) questioned the validity of the conclusion reached by Clark and Summers.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleJournal of Economic Psychology
Author(s)Goldsmith, Arthur H.
Veum, Jonathan R.
Darity, William A., Jr.