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Skinner, Martie L.; Elder, Glen H., Jr.; & Conger, Rand D. (1992). Linking Economic Hardship to Adolescent Aggression. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 52(3), 259-276.


The relationship between economic hardship and adolescent aggression has been explored from various perspectives. Using survey and observational data on two-parent families in a midwestern rural county, the study identifies four important mechanisms that link economic hardship to the aggressive behavior of adolescents. Economic pressure stemming from low income, financial loss, and unstable work, adversely affects the marital relationship through the negativity of fathers. Negative marital interactions increase irritable parenting, making adolescent aggression more likely.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Journal of Youth and Adolescence


Skinner, Martie L.
Elder, Glen H., Jr.
Conger, Rand D.