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Factors Related to the Utilization of Prenatal Care in Vietnam


Swenson, Ingrid Elizabeth; Nguyen, Minh Thang; Vu Qui Nhan; & Pham Xuan Tieu (1993). Factors Related to the Utilization of Prenatal Care in Vietnam. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 96(2), 76-85.


Data from the 1988 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survey and 1990 Vietnam Accessibility of Contraceptives Survey were used in this analysis of the influence of selected individual and community characteristics on the utilization of prenatal care in Vietnam. Specific analysis of the impact of availability of health services and other development characteristics of the community on utilization of prenatal care was done in a rural subsample. The woman's educational level and total number of living children were the most significant predictors of prenatal care utilization. Age independent of parity did not significantly affect the use of prenatal care. Rural women and women living in provinces with the highest infant mortality rates were significantly less likely to use prenatal services than their counterparts in the urban areas and provinces with low infant mortality rates. Non-physician health care providers were the main sources of prenatal care for women in both rural and urban areas.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene


Swenson, Ingrid Elizabeth
Nguyen, Minh Thang
Vu Qui Nhan
Pham Xuan Tieu