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Bender, Deborah E. & McCann, Margaret F. (1993). Validation of Self-Report of Literacy among Periurban Women in Bolivia. International Journal of Epidemiology, 22(4), 747-748.


Many surveys ask women to rate their literacy level, but the validity of these self-reports is not usually evaluated. In this study of infant health, conducted in Cochabamba, Bolivia, maternal literacy was assessed by the mother herself and by the interviewer, based on the mother's reading a short text aloud. The two ratings were highly correlated (P < 0.001). This finding suggests that maternal self-reports of literacy are very reliable.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

International Journal of Epidemiology


Bender, Deborah E.
McCann, Margaret F.