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Mooney, Margarita A. (2013). Religion as a Context of Reception: The Case of Haitian Immigrants in Miami, Montreal and Paris. International Migration, 51(3), 99-112.


In this article, I use cross-national comparative and ethnographic methods to explore how religion influences the incorporation of Haitian immigrants into the US, Quebec and France. First, I explore the ideological, legal and institutional forces that shape religion-state differentiation in the US, Quebec and France. Using census and immigration data from each site as well as interviews with Haitian leaders and government officials in Miami, Montreal and Paris, I show that the general pattern of consensual differentiation between religion and state in the US favours the more successful symbolic and socio-economic incorporation of Haitians in Miami, whereas secular nationalism in Quebec and assertive secularism in France weaken the incorporation of Haitian immigrants in Montreal and Paris, respectively.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

International Migration


Mooney, Margarita A.