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A Cross-National Comparison of the Gender Gap in Income

Citation

Rosenfeld, Rachel A. & Kalleberg, Arne L. (1990). A Cross-National Comparison of the Gender Gap in Income. American Journal of Sociology, 96(1), 69-106.

Abstract

This article examines national labor-market samples from two "dualist" countries (the United States and Canada) and two "corporatist" countries (Norway and Sweden). Labor-market location is less powerful in predicting income in Norway and Sweden where they have more inclusive employment policies. In Sweden, though, the labor-market variables are more important in explaining the income gap. Family effects (marital status and number of children) are weak everywhere but especially in Scandinavia. Nevertheless, because it is encouraged by policies designed to integrate employment and family, part-time paid work has a major effect on the gender gap in income in Norway and Sweden. Women, however, pay more of a penalty than men for part-time employment in North America.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/229493

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

American Journal of Sociology

Author(s)

Rosenfeld, Rachel A.
Kalleberg, Arne L.

Year Published

1990

Volume Number

96

Issue Number

1

Pages

69-106

Reference ID

794