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Racial/Ethnic Variations in Colorectal Cancer Screening Self-Efficacy, Fatalism and Risk Perception in a Safety-Net Clinic Population: Implications for Tailored Interventions

Citation

Lumpkins, Crystal Y.; Cupertino, Ana-Paula; Young, Kristin L.; Daley, Christine M.; Yeh, Hung-Wen; & Greiner, K. Allen (2013). Racial/Ethnic Variations in Colorectal Cancer Screening Self-Efficacy, Fatalism and Risk Perception in a Safety-Net Clinic Population: Implications for Tailored Interventions. Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education, 3(1), 196. PMCID: PMC3826433

Abstract

Ethnic and racial minority groups in the U.S. receive fewer colorectal cancer (CRC) screening tests and are less likely to be up-to-date with CRC screening than the population as a whole. Access, limited awareness of CRC and barriers may, in part, be responsible for inhibiting widespread adoption of CRC screening among racial and ethnic minority groups. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of self-efficacy, fatalism and CRC risk perception across racial and ethnic groups in a diverse sample. This study was a cross-sectional analysis from baseline measures gathered on a group of patients recruited into a trial to track colorectal cancer screening in underserved adults over 50. Out of 470 Participants, 42% were non-Hispanic; 27% Hispanic and 28% non-Hispanic White. Hispanic and non-Hispanic Blacks were more likely to have fatalistic beliefs about CRC than non-Hispanic Whites. Non-Hispanic Blacks perceived higher risk of getting colon cancer. Self-efficacy for completing CRC screening was higher among Non-Hispanic Blacks than among Hispanics. Racial and ethnic differences in risk perceptions, fatalism and self-efficacy should be taken into consideration in future CRC interventions with marginalized and uninsured populations.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2161-0711.1000196

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2013

Journal Title

Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education

Author(s)

Lumpkins, Crystal Y.
Cupertino, Ana-Paula
Young, Kristin L.
Daley, Christine M.
Yeh, Hung-Wen
Greiner, K. Allen

PMCID

PMC3826433