CitationBaird, Timothy D. & Gray, Clark L. (2014). Livelihood Diversification and Shifting Social Networks of Exchange: A Social Network Transition?. World Development, 60, 14-30. PMCID: PMC6697137
AbstractIn the developing world, traditional social networks of exchange and reciprocity are critical components of household security, disaster relief, and social wellbeing especially in rural areas. This research asks the question: How are traditional social networks of exchange related to emerging household strategies to diversify livelihoods? Within this context, this study uses a mixed methods design to examine the character of inter-household exchanges of material goods (IHE) and the association between IHE and livelihood diversification, in ethnically Maasai communities in northern Tanzania. Findings show that IHE are both evolving and declining and are negatively associated with livelihood diversification.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleWorld Development
Author(s)Baird, Timothy D.
Gray, Clark L.