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Women, Work, and Children: Behavioral and Attitudinal Change in the United States

Citation

Rindfuss, Ronald R.; Brewster, Karin L.; & Kavee, Andrew L. (1996). Women, Work, and Children: Behavioral and Attitudinal Change in the United States. Population and Development Review, 22, 457-82.

Abstract

The United States at mid-century had a strong norm that mothers of young children should be full-time homemakers. Since then, there has been a strong trend toward higher levels of labor force participation of mothers of preschool-age children. Since the early 1970s, this trend in labor force participation has been accompanied by stable fertility rates. In this article, using attitudinal data, the authors show that there has been a substantial weakening of the norm that mothers of preschool children should stay home with their children. This change in measured attitudes is pervasive and appears to have been led by well-diffused behavioral change. The authors conclude by arguing that this change in attitudes has played an important role in the stabilizing of US fertility levels.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2137716

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Population and Development Review

Author(s)

Rindfuss, Ronald R.
Brewster, Karin L.
Kavee, Andrew L.

Year Published

1996

Volume Number

22

Pages

457-82

Reference ID

836