Menu Close

Work Experience and Control Orientation in Adolescence

Citation

Finch, Michael D.; Shanahan, Michael J.; Mortimer, Jeylan T.; & Ryu, Seongryeol (1991). Work Experience and Control Orientation in Adolescence. American Sociological Review, 56(5), 597-611.

Abstract

Adolescent orientations toward and expectancies about competent action are important predictors of adult attainment. Using panel data, this study shows that part-time work experiences and mastery orientation are reciprocally related among adolescents. Prior control orientation, measured by Pearlin's mastery scale, significantly influenced the character of boys' and girls' subsequent work experiences. Furthermore, extrinsic conditions and stressors at work were found to affect adolescents' control orientation. For boys, conditions of opportunity at work had a significant positive effect on tenth-grade mastery, whereas conflicts between school and work fostered a more external control orientation. Boys' educational plans for the future moderated the effects of conflict between school and work. Girls' evaluations of their pay were found to support an internal control orientation; however, responsibility for things that were perceived as being beyond their control engendered a more external control orientation.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2096082

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

American Sociological Review

Author(s)

Finch, Michael D.
Shanahan, Michael J.
Mortimer, Jeylan T.
Ryu, Seongryeol

Year Published

1991

Volume Number

56

Issue Number

5

Pages

597-611

Reference ID

8366