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Impact of Future Cigarette Smoking Scenarios on Mortality of the Adult Population in the United States, 2000-2050

Citation

Nam, Charles B.; Rogers, Richard G.; & Hummer, Robert A. (1996). Impact of Future Cigarette Smoking Scenarios on Mortality of the Adult Population in the United States, 2000-2050. Social Biology, 43(3-4), 155-68.

Abstract

The prevalence of cigarette smoking in the United States has declined over the past few decades. However, some leveling-off in prevalence rates has been observed in recent years, and the rate for teenagers and young adults has even turned upward. This paper considers four alternative scenarios of future cigarette smoking patterns in the United States for the population 25 and over and measures the impact these different scenarios would have on excess mortality due to smoking and on the sex and age distributions of deaths. Scenarios reflecting higher levels of smoking prevalence produce considerably more deaths than scenarios tied to lower levels. As many as two and one-half million excess deaths would take place in the decade of the 2020's if a high prevalence, rather than low prevalence, assumption proves correct. Even when a constant prevalence, assumption proves correct. Even when a constant prevalence assumption is compared with a moderately-declining prevalence assumption, as many as one million excess deaths would be generated during that decade alone. Lowering smoking prevalence rates would also change the population sex ratio by reducing deaths for males more than deaths for females, and by contributing to the aging of the population. The results are interpreted in terms of the overall impact of smoking on mortality and with regard to public and private policy decisions related to cigarette smoking.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19485565.1996.9988921

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Social Biology

Series Title

Soc Biol 1997 Fall-Winter;44(3-4):294.

Author(s)

Nam, Charles B.
Rogers, Richard G.
Hummer, Robert A.

Year Published

1996

Volume Number

43

Issue Number

3-4

Pages

155-68

Reference ID

8380