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Shanahan, Michael J.; Sulloway, Frank J.; & Hofer, Scott M. (2000). Change and Constancy in Developmental Contexts. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24(4), 421-427.


As the 21st century begins, social forces are creating substantial diversity in developmental settings through the child’s early life course. Aconsiderable proportion of youth will experience disruptions in family structure, fluctuations in levels of economic resources, and residential moves that may involve changes in peer groups and schools. This paper reviews a set of conceptual distinctions that are well suited to the study of the dynamic properties of context. The paper also underscores the importance of integrating the life course with behavioural genetics to determine more accurately the joint contributions of environments like the family and genotypes to development. Because both person and context exhibit change and stability through time, an understanding of these complex interactions will require generative collaborations among developmentalists from diverse disciplinary backgrounds.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

International Journal of Behavioral Development


Shanahan, Michael J.
Sulloway, Frank J.
Hofer, Scott M.