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Developmental Properties of Transactional Models: The Case of Life Events and Mastery from Adolescence to Young Adulthood

Citation

Shanahan, Michael J. & Bauer, Daniel J. (2004). Developmental Properties of Transactional Models: The Case of Life Events and Mastery from Adolescence to Young Adulthood. Development and Psychopathology, 16(4), 1095-1117.

Abstract

That behavior reflects ongoing transactions between person and context is an enshrined proposition of developmental theory, although the dynamic properties of these transactions have not been fully appreciated. In this article, we focus on reciprocal links between the Pearlin mastery scale and life events in the transition to adulthood, a strategic relationship given that control orientations are thought to mediate links between stressors and a range of indicators of distress, and given that life events become increasingly likely in young adulthood. Drawing on 12 waves of data from the Youth Development Study, spanning ages 14–15 to 26–27, we examine a series of growth curve models that interrelate mastery and life events. Results for females reveal that mastery during the senior year of high school predicts life events for the following 4-year period, which in turn predicts mastery over the 5-year period spanning ages 21–22 to 26–27. For males, mastery during the senior year (and perhaps the sophomore year) predicts subsequent life events, which in turn have short-term implications for mastery. Thus, transactions between life events and mastery are observed, although the temporal patterns of these exchanges are complex. These findings are discussed in terms of the developmental properties of transactions between person and context.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579404040155

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2004

Journal Title

Development and Psychopathology

Author(s)

Shanahan, Michael J.
Bauer, Daniel J.